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Cranson, Robert W.
Intelligence and the growth of intelligence in Maharishiês Vedic Psychology and twentieth century psychology.

Order No.9000433

This dissertation has three parts. Part I reviews the history of intelligence research and presents the need for a comprehensive, unified theory of intelligence.

Part II introduces a Vedic theory of intelligence, based on the Vedic Psychology of Maharishi Mahesh Yogi and the Science of Creative Intelligence. It is proposed that Maharishi's Vedic theory integrates, clarifies, and completes current theories of intelligence, by resolving their major theoretical issues.

In Part III, one aspect of Maharishi's Vedic theory of intelligence was operationally defined. It was hypothesized that introduction of the Transcendental Meditation (TM) and TM- Sidhi program in a university education would result in improvements in ten measures representing abilities expressed at different levels of the mind: a questionnaire on experiences of higher states of consciousness, Tellegen's Absorption Scale (TAS), Torrance Test of Creative Thinking (TTCT), Cattell's Culture Fair Intelligence Test (CFIT), Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices, Hick's choice reaction time, Hick's simple reaction time, slope of Hick's choice RT-simple RT, intraindividual standard deviation of Hick's choice RT, the Group Embedded Figures Test (GEFT).

A 2-year longitudinal study with control group tested the hypothesis. Experimental group subjects were 25 male and 22 female first year students from Maharishi International University; mean age 25.2 years. Control group subjects were 22 male and 33 female first year students from the University of Northern Iowa, mean age 19 years.

Results of principal components analysis, MANCOVA, and individual ANCOVA'S supported the hypothesis that practice of the TM and TM-Sidhi program in a university setting results in increased intelligence, as measured by: (1) higher scores on CFIT (p <.005), (2) faster simple RT (p <.025), (3) faster choice RT (p <.00001), (4) decreased intraindividual SD of choice RT (p <.00001), (5) decreased slope of RT (p <.00001), and (6) increased frequency of experiences of higher states of consciousness (p <.001).

Furthermore, the results supported the following hypotheses: (a) intelligence can be developed; and (b) pure intelligence integrates and supports all levels of the mind. The results also provide evidence in support of five other points of Maharishi's Vedic theory of intelligence, developed in part II.

The conclusion of this dissertation is that Maharishi's Vedic theory of intelligence is the most viable theory so far to explain the diverse findings regarding the structure and development of intelligence; furthermore, the TM and TM-Sidhi program is proposed as an important component of education that unfolds intelligence. Source: DAI, 50, no. 08A, (1989): 2427

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