Basic Knots    
On a boat, a rope is never called a rope. It's called a line. But if it's used with the anchor, it's called a rode. If it's used to raise sails, it's a halyard. If it's used to trim sails, it's a sheet — a mainsheet for the mainsail and a jibsheet for the jib.

However, the basic knots below will serve for many situations. A bowline makes a loop that will not slip (use it, for example, to attach a sheet to a sail). A figure-eight stopper knot keeps the end of a line, such as a jibsheet, from slipping through a block. A round turn and two half-hitches serve as a fastening-for example, at a dock. A cleat knot makes the line fast.

CLEAT HITCH   SQUARE KNOT  FIGURE-8 KNOT HALF HITCH 
       
 CLOVE HITCH  HITCHES  BOWLINE  BOWLINE
       




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