The Learner and Learning
Standard #1: Learner Development
Demonstrates an understanding of human growth and development and of how students learn.
Standard #2: Learning Differences
Demonstrates an understanding of how students differ in their approaches to learning; creates instructional opportunities that are equitable and adaptable to diverse learners.
Standard #3: Learning Environments
Uses an understanding of individual and group motivation and behavior; creates a learning environment that encourages positive social interaction, active engagement in learning, and self-motivation; maintains effective classroom management; and is prepared to address behaviors related to substance abuse and other high-risk behaviors.
Knowledge of Content
Standard #4: Content Knowledge
Understands the central concepts, tools of inquiry, and structures of the discipline(s) he or she teaches.
Standard #5: Application of Content
Understands how to connect concepts and use differing perspectives to create learning experiences that make the discipline accessible and meaningful for learners.
Standard #6: Assessment
Understands and uses formal and informal assessment strategies to evaluate the continuous intellectual, social, and physical development of the student, and effectively uses both formative and summative assessment, including student achievement data, to determine appropriate instruction.
Standard #7: Planning for Instruction
Plans instruction based upon knowledge of subject matter, students, the community, curriculum goals and state curriculum models. Designs developmentally appropriate and challenging learning experiences that meet the multiple learning needs of students.
Standard #8: Instructional Strategies
Understands and uses a variety of instructional strategies, including technology, to ensure mastery of content and engage learners in critical in critical thinking, creativity, and problem solving and performance skills.
Standard #9: Communication
Uses knowledge of effective verbal, nonverbal and media communication techniques, and other forms of symbolic representation, to foster active inquiry and collaboration and to support interaction in the classroom.
Standard #10: Consciousness-Based Education
Understands the principles and practices of Consciousness-Based Education, their significance and applications.
Standard #11: Educational Innovation
Understands the projected outcomes of a wide range of initiatives for improving education in one’s classroom, school and district, and evaluates a proposed innovation for its potential impact on student learning and growth.
Standard #12: Foundations
Develops knowledge of social, historical and philosophical foundations of education; demonstrates understanding of educational law and policy, ethics and the administrative context of teaching.
Standard #13: Professional Learning and Reflective Practice
Engages in ongoing professional learning and continually evaluates his/her practice, particularly the effects of his/her choices and actions on students, parents and other professionals in the learning community. Demonstrates an understanding of teachers as consumers of research and as researchers in the classroom.
Standard #14: Collaboration
Fosters relationships and shows ability to collaborate with parents, school colleagues and organizations in the larger community to support student learning and growth and to advance the profession. Develops knowledge of and dispositions for cooperation with other educators, especially in collaborative/co-teaching as well as in other educational team situations.