References

Alexander, C.N., Chandler, H.M., Langer, E.J., Davies, J.L. & Newman, R.I. (1989). Transcendental Meditation, mindfulness and longevity-An experimental study with the elderly. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57, 950-964.

Alexander, C.N., Rainforth, M.Y. & Gelderloos, P. (1991). Transcendental Meditation, self-actualization, and psychological health: A conceptual overview and statistical meta-analysis. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 6, 189-247.

Alexandre, L.M. (1988). Who Are the High Expenditure Cases in a Health Benefits Plan? Report 88-1. Brookfield, WI: International Foundation of Employee Benefit Plans.

Anderson, G. & Knickman, J.R. (1984). Patterns of expenditures among high utilizers of medical care services: The experience of Medicare beneficiaries from 1974 to 1977. Medical Care, 22, 143-149.

Barer, M.L, Evans, R.G., & Labelle, R.J. (1988). Fee controls as expenditure control: Tales from the frozen north. The Milbank Quarterly, 66, 1-64.

Bly, J.L., Jones, R.C., & Richardson, J.E. (1986). Impact of worksite health promotion on health care costs and utilization: Evaluation of Johnson & Johnson's Live for Life Program. Journal of the American Medical Association, 256, 3235-3240.

Breslow, Lester (1990). A health promotion primer for the 1990s. Health Affairs, 9, 6-21.

Brown, B. (1989). How Canadians' health system works. Business and Health, July, 28-30.

Bruhn, J.G. (1988). Life-style and health behavior. In David S. Gochman (Ed.), Health Behavior: Emerging Research Perspectives. New York: Plenum Press.

Buczko, William (1986). Physician utilization and expenditures in a Medicaid population. Health Care Financing Review, 8, 17-26.

Chalmers, R.A., Clements, G., Schenkluhn, H., & Weinless, M. (Eds.). (1989). Scientific research on Maharishi's Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi programme: Collected papers (Vols. 2-4), Vlodrop, the Netherlands: Maharishi Vedic University Press.

Chrousos, G.P. & Gold, P.W. (1992). The concepts of stress and stress system disorders: Overview of physical and behavioral homeostasis. Journal of the American Medical Association, 267, 1244-1252.

Des Moines Register (1992). "Stay healthier to cut expenditures, Bush lectures." February 6, 6A.

Dillbeck, M.C., Cavanaugh, K.L., Glenn, T., Orme-Johnson, D.W., & Mittlefehldt, V. (1987). Consciousness as a field: The Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program and changes in social indicators. The Journal of Mind and Behavior, 8, 67-104.

Dillbeck, M.C., Orme-Johnson, D.W. (1987) Physiological differences between Transcendental Meditation and rest. American Psychologist, 42, 879-881.

Eastaugh, S.R. (1991). Containing the Health Care Bill for American industry. Business Forum, Winter Special, 25.

Eppley, K.R., Abrams, A.I., & Shear, J. (1989). Differential effects of relaxation techniques on trait anxiety: A meta-analysis. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 45, 957-974.

Francis, D. (1990). A radical proposal to cure health care. Maclean's, March 26, 19.

Friend, T. (1992). Most cancer due to how we live, work. USA Today, April 13, 1A. Article on work of Dr. Bernard Weinstein of Columbia University.

Fries, J.F., Koop, E.C., Beadle, C.E., England, M.J., Greaves, R. F., Sokolov, D.W. & the Health Project Consortium. (1993). Reducing health care costs by reducing the need and demand for medical service. New England Journal of Medicine. 329, 321-325.

Fuchs, V.R. (Ed.) (1972). Essays in the economics of health and medical care. New York: Columbia University Press.

Fuchs, V.R. (1974). Who Shall Live? New York: Basic Books.

Fuchs, V.R. (1979). Economics, health, and post-industrial society. Milbank Quarterly, 57, 153-183.

Fuchs, V.R. (1990). The health sector's share of the gross national product. Science, 247, 534-538.

Fuchs, V.R. & Hahn, J.S. (1990). How does Canada do it? New England Journal of Medicine, 323, 884-890.

Garfinkel, S.A., Riley, G.F., & Iannacchione, V.G. (1988). High-expenditure users of medical care. Health Care Financing Review, 9, 41-52.

Gelderloos, P., Walton, K.G., Orme-Johnson, D.W., & Alexander, C.N. (1991). Effectiveness of the Transcendental Meditation program in preventing and treating substance misuse: A review. International Journal of the Addictions, 26, 293-325.

Haggerty, Robert J. (1990). The boundaries of health care. In P.R. Lee and C.L. Estes (Eds.), The Nation's Health, 3rd ed., (pp. 112-117). Boston: Jones & Bartlett.

Haratani, T. and Itsumi, T. (1990a). Effects of Transcendental Meditation (TM) on the health behavior of industrial workers. Japanese Journal of Public Health, 37, 729.

Haratani, T. and Itsumi, T. (1990b). Effects of Transcendental Meditation (TM) on the mental health of industrial workers. Japanese Journal of Industrial Health, 32, 346.

Herron, R.E. (1993). The impact of Transcendental Meditation practice on medical expenditures. Dissertation Abstracts International, 53, 4219A.

Higgins, A.F. (1990). Health Care Benefits Survey, 1989. Princeton: Foster Higgins.

Hiles, D.R.H. (1992). Health services: The real jobs machine. Monthly Labor Review. U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, 115, 3-16.

Hughes, John S. (1991). How well has Canada contained the expenditures of doctoring? Journal of the American Medical Association, 265, 2347-2351.

Jencks, S.F. & Schieber, G.J. (1991). Containing U.S. health care costs: What bullet to bite? Health Care Financing Review, Annual Supplement, 1-12.

Koretz, Gene (1992). "This short-term tonic has lethal long-term side effects." Business Week, December 14, 24.

Letourmy, A. (1975). Some aspects of the relationships between mortality, environmental conditions, and medical care. In N.T.J. Bailey and M. Thompson (Eds.), Systems Aspects of Planning: Proceedings of the IIASA Conference, Baden, Austria, August 20-22. Amsterdam: North-Holland.

Levit, K.R. and Cowan, C.A. (1990). The burden of health care expenditures: Business, households, and governments. Health Care Financing Review, 12, 127-137.

Lynch, W.D., Teitelbaum, H.S., & Main, D.S. (1992). Comparing medical expenditures by analyzing high-expenditure cases. American Journal of Health Promotion, 6, 206-213.

McKeown, Thomas (1978). Determinants of health. Human Nature, April, 60-67.

Milio, N. (1981). Promoting public health through public policy. Philadelphia: Davis.

Newhouse, J.P., Phelps, C.E., & Schwartz, W.B. (1974). Policy options and the impact of national health insurance. New England Journal of Medicine, 290, 1345-1359.

Orme-Johnson, D.W. & Farrow, J.T. (Eds.). (1976). Scientific research on the Transcendental Meditation program: Collected papers (Vol.1). Rheinweiler, W. Germany: Maharishi European Research University Press.

Orme-Johnson, D.W. (1987). Medical care utilization and the Transcendental Meditation program. Psychosomatic Medicine, 49, 493-50.

Orme-Johnson, D.W. (1988). Medical care utilization at Maharishi International University. Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science, 95, A56.

Orme-Johnson, D.W., Alexander, C.N., Davies, J.L., Chandler, H.M., and Larrimore, W.E. (1988a). International peace project in the Middle East: The effect of the Maharishi Technology of the Unified Field. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 32, 776-812.

Orme-Johnson, D.W., Gelderloos, P., & Dillbeck, M.C. (1988b). The effects of the Maharishi Technology of the Unified Field on the U.S. quality of life (1960-1984). Social Science Perspectives Journal, 2, 127-146.

Payer, Lynn (1992). Disease mongers: How doctors, drug companies, and insurers are making you feel sick. John Wiley & Sons: New York.

Pelletier, K.R. (1991). A review and analysis of the health and expenditure-effective outcome studies of comprehensive health promotion and disease prevention programs. American Journal of Health Promotion, 5, 311-319.

Reinhardt, Uwe E. (1990). Could health care swallow us all? Business & Health, 8, 47-48.

Russell, L.B. (1986). Is prevention better than cure? Washington, DC: Brookings Institution.

Schieber, G.J. (1990). Health expenditures in major industrialized countries, 1960-87. Health Care Financing Review, 11, 159-167.

Schieber, G.J. & Poullier, Jean-Pierre (1989a). Overview of international comparisons of health care expenditures. Health Care Financing Review, Annual Supplement, 1-7.

Schieber, G.J. & Poullier, Jean-Pierre (1989b). International health care expenditures trends: 1987. Health Affairs, 8, 169-177.

Schieber, G.J., Poullier, J-P., & Greenwald, L.M. (1992). U.S. health expenditure performance: An international comparison and data update. Health Care Financing Review, 13, 1-14.

Schneider, R.H., Alexander, C.N., Wallace, R.K. (1992). In search of an optimal behavioral treatment for hypertension: A review and focus on Transcendental Meditation. In Johnson, E.H., Gentry, W.D., and Julius, S. (Eds.) Personality, Elevated Blood Pressure, and Essential Hypertension, (pp. 291-312). Washington, D.C.: Hemisphere Publishing.

Schroeder, S.A., Showstack, J.A., & Roberts, H.E. (1979). Frequency and clinical description of high-expenditure patients in 17 acute-care hospitals. The New England Journal of Medicine, 300, 1306-1309.

Schwartz, William B. (1987). The inevitable failure of current cost-containment strategies: Why they can provide only temporary relief. Journal of the American Medical Association, 257, 220-224.

Shafii, M., Lavely, R.A., & Jaffe, R.D. (1974). Meditation and marijuana. American Journal of Psychiatry, 131, 60-63.

Standard and Poor (1990). Health coverage. Standard & Poor's Industry Surveys,1, I1-I30.

Stewart, C.T. (1971). Allocation of resources to health. Journal of Human Resources, 6, 103-122.

Sullivan, L.W. (1989). Shattuck Lecture-the health care priorities of the Bush administration. New England Journal of Medicine, 321, 125-128.

Suurküla, J. (1989). The Transcendental Meditation technique and the prevention of psychiatric illness. In Chalmers, R.A., Clements, G., Schenkluhn, H., and Weinless, M. (Eds.). (1989). Scientific research on the Transcendental Meditation and Transcendental Meditation-Sidhi programme: Collected papers (Vol. 2), Vlodrop, the Netherlands: Maharishi Vedic University Press.

Terris, M. (1990). Lessons from Canada's health program. Technology Review, 93, 26-33.

U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment (1989). The use of preventive services by the elderly.

U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment (1990). Preventive health services for Medicare beneficiaries: Policy and research issues.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (1990a). Healthy people 2000: National health promotion and disease prevention objectives. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (1990b). Prevention '89/'90: Federal programs and progress. Public Health Service, Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office.

Wallace, R.K., Orme-Johnson, D.W., & Dillbeck, M.C. (Eds.). (in press). Scientific research on the Transcendental Meditation and Transcendental Meditation-Sidhi program: Collected papers (Vol. 5). Fairfield, IA: Maharishi University Press.

Whitcomb, M.E. & Desgroseilliers, J.P. (1992). Primary care medicine in Canada. New England Journal of Medicine, 326, 1469-1472.

Winslow, R. (1991). Study finds 4% of New York patients in 1984 were injured by hospital care. The Wall Street Journal, Feb. 7, B4.

Wohl, S. (1984). The Medical Industrial Complex. New York: Harmony Books.

Zook, C.J. & Moore, F.D. (1980). High-expenditure users of medical care. The New England Journal of Medicine, 302, 996-1002.

[Previous Section]

[Introduction]

[The International Health Care Cost Crisis]

[The Need For Prevention: Identifying New, Cost-Effective Strategies]

[The High-Cost Case Phenomenon: A Way to Leverage Medical Expenditure Savings through Prevention]

[The Proposed Strategy]

[Conclusions and Future Research Directions]

[Reference]

[Home]