Fairfield, IA February 3, 2014
Decreased Burnout through Transcendental Meditation Compared to Controls
This graph shows the average level of change in total burnout, as measured by the Maslach Burnout Inventory, in the Transcendental Meditation group compared to controls. The graph displays a marked reduction in burnout symptoms in the TM group, with the control group showing a small increase in burnout over the duration of the study.
Decreased Perceived Stress through Transcendental Meditation Compared to Controls
This graph shows the average level of change in perceived stress, as measured by the Perceived Stress Scale, in the Transcendental Meditation group compared to controls. The graph displays a marked reduction in perceived stress in the TM group, with the control group showing a small increase in stress over the duration of the study.
Decreased Depression Symptoms through Transcendental Meditation Compared to Controls
This graph shows the average level of change in decreased depression symptoms, as measured by the Mental Health Inventory-5, in the Transcendental Meditation group compared to controls. The graph displays a marked reduction in depression symptoms in the TM group, with the control group showing a small decrease in depression over the duration of the study.
new study published in The Permanente Journal (Vol. 18, No.1) on health
showed the introduction of the Transcendental Meditation® technique substantially decreased teacher stress and burnout.
indicates that stress and burnout are pervasive problems among
employees, with teachers being especially vulnerable to feeling frequent
stress from their jobs. Burnout, a syndrome of emotional exhaustion,
depersonalization, and job dissatisfaction, has been found to contribute
to lower teacher classroom performance and higher absenteeism and job
This current study
sought to determine whether practice of the Transcendental Meditation
(TM) program results in lower psychological distress and decreased
burnout in teachers and support staff at the Bennington School in
Vermont, a special in-residence school for students with behavioral
According to Dr. Charles Elder, MD, MPH,
lead author of the study and a Senior Physician in the Department of
Internal Medicine at Kaiser Permanente Northwest, “The results of this
randomized controlled trial are very striking and demonstrate the
utility of introducing a stress reduction program for teachers and other
public and private employees. The four-month study found significant
and clinically important decreases in perceived stress, emotional
exhaustion associated with teacher burnout, and depressive symptoms in
those practicing the TM program compared to a wait-list control group.”
and other psychological distress factors have been linked to negative
health behaviors, obesity, and hypertension, all of which are major
contributors to cardiovascular disease,” emphasized Dr. Sanford Nidich, EdD, study principal investigator and Professor of Education at Maharishi University of Management. "Prior medical research
has found that practice of the TM program is effective in reducing both
risk factors for heart disease and cardiovascular events. Taken as a
whole, this present study and prior research provide evidence for the
value of the TM program for enhancing mental and physical health and
well-being, explained Dr. Nidich.”
The study included 40 teachers
and support staff measured at baseline and then randomly assigned to
either immediate start of the TM program or delayed start (wait-list
control group). Compliance with practice of the TM technique throughout
the four-month intervention period was high; 100% of the participants
assigned to the TM group meditated at least once a day. Of those, 56%
meditated regularly at home twice a day.
This is the first study
to investigate the effects of Transcendental Meditation on teacher
burnout. Recent published studies have shown a positive impact of this
program on student graduation rates, academic achievement, and psychological distress.
Transcendental Meditation has seen widespread implementation in
secondary schools across the country within the context of school-wide
Quiet Time programs.
The study was funded by the Nine East Network and David Lynch Foundation.
About the Transcendental Meditation technique
The TM technique
is a simple, natural, effortless procedure practiced 20 minutes twice
each day while sitting comfortably with the eyes closed. Extensive
peer-reviewed research studies have found that TM reduces psychological
distress, including anxiety and depression, and promotes overall mental
and physical health.
The TM technique is available in the USA
through Maharishi Foundation USA, a federally recognized non-profit
educational organization. Through partnerships with other non-profit
organizations and foundations, full TM scholarships have been given to
more than 250,000 at-risk children, school teachers, veterans suffering
from PTSD, homeless people, and others. Visit http://www.tm.org for more information.
About Maharishi University of Management
University of Management is an accredited university offering
bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees in the arts, sciences,
humanities, and business, where Transcendental Meditation is also
practiced by both professors and students. Visit http://www.mum.edu for more information.