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Rutto, Peter Kiprop

This descriptive-correlational study explored the job satisfaction of Moi University academic staff members as measured by Job Descriptive Index and Job in General (JDI/JIG) scales, compared to faculty job satisfaction levels of Eastern Tennessee Community Colleges in the USA. Out of 738 academic staff of Moi invited to participate, 480 survey questionnaires were found to be usable for this study, yielding a response rate of 65%. Results of t-test for independent samples showed that Moi University staff were more satisfied with pay (p=.042), while Eastern Tennessee State staff had higher satisfaction with the JDI facet work on present job (p=.021.). There were no significant differences between the two universities on the other JDI/JIG scales of opportunities for promotion, supervision, people on your present job and job in general.

The study also investigated the effects of rank, tenure and years of job experience on the facets of job satisfaction for Moi University academic staff, using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey’s post hoc multiple comparison, regression analysis. A statistically significant difference on pay and opportunities for promotion was found among academic ranks (p=.018; p=.017 respectively) at Moi University. Professors (M=32.3) were significantly more satisfied with pay than were senior lectures (M=24.4) and lecturers (M=23.5). Associate professors were significantly more satisfied with opportunities for promotion than were lecturers (M=29.4 versus M=22.8 respectively). Non-tenured academic staff had a higher mean score On the opportunities for promotion, a statistically significant difference of (p=.012) was found when comparing the academic staff ranks of associate professor with lecturer.  These findings indicated that associate professors were significantly more satisfied with opportunities for promotion than were lecturers.  Further, this study found a statistically significant difference of (p=.012) between tenured and non-tenured academic staff members of Moi University on the JDI subscale of pay.  These findings showed that the non-tenured were more satisfied with pay than were tenured academic staff members.  There was a statistically significant difference in two JDI scales, pay and opportunities for promotion (p=.017; p=.043 respectively) associated with years of job experience.  These findings indicate that as years of job experience increases, job satisfaction among the academic staff at Moi University increases.  However as years of experience increase among the faculty at Eastern Tennessee State University, their levels of job satisfaction decrease.

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