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Fred Travis
Fred Travis, Ph.D.
Professor of Maharishi Vedic Science
Email:           ftravis
Work Phone:  (641) 472-1209
Home Phone:  (641) 472 1600
Fax:              (641) 472-1184
 
Position
 •Professor of Maharishi Vedic Science
 •Chair of the Department of Maharishi Vedic Science
 •Director, Center for Brain, Consciousness, and Cognition
 •Dean of the Graduate School

Research interests
 
 •Psychophysiological correlates of higher states of consciousness
 •Psychophysiological correlates of reading Vedic literature
 •Investigation of models of higher states of consciousness
 •Effects of Transcendental Meditation practice on child development
 •Effects of Transcendental Meditation practice on promoting healthy aging

Academic Background

 •Senior Researcher, Institute for the Study of Higher States of Consciousness, 1993-Present
 •Post Doctoral Fellow, University of California, Davis, in Basic Sleep Research
 •Ph.D. in Psychology, Maharishi University of Management. Dissertation: Testing the Field Model
  of Maharishi’s Vedic Psychology
 •M.S. in Psychology, Maharishi University of Management
 •B.S. in Design and Environmental Analysis, Cornell University. Senior Thesis: The Transcendental 
  Meditation technique and Creativity: A longitudinal study of Cornell University undergraduates

Awards and Honors
 
 •Editorial Board of the Journal of Meditation and Meditation Research
 •Who’s Who in American Schools and Colleges, 1985
 •Honorable Mention, NSF Graduate Fellowships, 1985

Publications
 
  Travis, F. (in press). Core and Matrix Thalamic Nuclei: Parallel Circuits Involved in Content of 
  Experience and General Wakefulness. NeuroQuantology.
 
  Harung HS, Travis F.(in press).  Higher mind-brain development in successful leaders: testing 
  a unified theory of performance. Cognitive Processing.
 
   Heaton, D. P., Travis, F. &  Subramaniam, R. (in press). A Consciousness-Based approach to
  management education for integrity. In C. Wankel and A. Stachowicz-Stanusch (Eds.), Handbook
  of Research on Teaching Ethics in Business and Management Education, Hershey PA, IGI Global.
 
  Grosswald, S.J. and Travis, F. (2011) ADHD and Stress: The Role of Meditation to Reduce Stress,
  and Improve Brain Function and Behavior Regulation. In  Current Directions in ADHD and Its 
  Treatment, pg 195-210

  Travis F. (2011). Mindfulness and psychologic well-being: are they related to type of meditation 
  technique practiced?
J Altern Complement Med. 2011 Nov;17(11):983-4.

  Travis, F. (2011) Comparison of Coherence, Amplitude, and eLORETA Patterns during 
  Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi Practice, International Journal of Psychophysiology,
  81, 198–202
 
  Haaga D, Grosswald S, Gaylord-King C, Rainforth M, Tanner M, Travis F, Nidich S, Schneider R. 
  (2011). Effects of the Transcendental Meditation Program on Substance Use Among University
  Students.  Cardiology Research and Practice, 53, 71-80.
 
  Travis, F. (2011). States of Consciousness Beyond Waking,  Dreaming and Sleeping: Perspectives
  from Research on Meditation Experiences. In D. Certkovik, I Cosvic. States of Consciousness:
  Experimental Insights into Meditation, Waking, Sleep and Dreams.  Frontier collection.
 
  Travis F, Grosswald S and Stixrud W. July (2011) ADHD, Brain Functioning, and Transcendental
  Meditation Practice. Mind & Brain, The Journal of Psychiatry., 2(1). 73-81.
 
  Travis, F, Harung, H and Lagrosen, Y (2011). Moral Development, Peak Experiences and Brain
  Patterns in Professional and Amateur Classical Musicians: Support for a Unified Theory of
  Performance, Consciousness and Cognition, 20, 1256–1264.
 
  Harung H.S., Travis F., Pensgaard A.M., Boes R, Cook-Greuter S, Daley K, (2011). High Levels
  of Brain Integration in World-class Norwegian Athletes: Towards a Brain Measure of Performance
  Capacity in Sports. Scandinavian Journal of Exercise and Sport, 1, 32-41.
 
  Travis, F. and S. Brown, (2011). My Brain Made Me Do It: Brain Maturation and Levels of Self-
  Development, in The Postconventional Personality: Perspectives on Higher Development, A.H. 
  Pfaffenberger, P.W. Marko, and T. Greening, Editors, SUNY Press: New York, pg. 23-38.
 
  Travis, F and Shear, J (2010). Reply to Josipovic: Duality and non-duality in meditation research,
  Consciousness and Cognition, 19: 1120-1121.
 
  Travis, F and Shear, J (2010) Focused Attention, Open Monitoring and Automatic
  Self-Transcending: Categories to Organize Meditations from Vedic, Buddhist and Chinese
  Traditions, Consciousness and Cognition. 19:1110-1119.
 
  Travis, F., Haaga, D.H., Hagelin, J., Tanner, M., Arenander, A., Nidich, S., Gaylord-King, C.,
  Grosswald, S., Rainforth, M., & Schneider, R. (2010). A Self-Referral Default Brain State: Patterns
  of Coherence, Power, and eLORETA Sources during Eyes-Closed Rest and the Transcendental
  Meditation Practice. Cognitive Processes, 11(1), 21-30.
 
  Nidich SI, Rainforth MV, Haaga DA, Travis, F. et al, (2009). A randomized controlled trial on
  effects of the Transcendental Meditation program on blood pressure, psychological distress,
  and coping in young adults. Am J Hypertens 22,1326-31.
 
  Harung, H.F., Travis, F., Blank, W.,  Heaton, D. (2009) Higher development, brain integration, and
  excellence in leadership, Management Decision, 47(6), 872 - 894.
 
  Tanner, M. A., Travis, F., Gaylord-King, C., Haaga, D. A. F., Grosswald, S., & Schneider, R. H.
  (2009).  The effects of the Transcendental Meditation program on mindfulness. 
  Journal of Clinical Psychology. 65(6), 574-589.
 
  Travis, F. (2009). Brain functioning as the ground for spiritual experiences and ethical behavior.
  FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, 78(5), 26-32.
 
  Travis, F., Haaga, D.H., Hagelin, J., Tanner, M., Nidich, S., Gaylord-King, C., Grosswald, S.,
  Rainforth, M., & Schneider, R. (2009). Effects of Transcendental Meditation Practice on Brain
 
  Functioning and Stress Reactivity in College Students. International Journal of Psychophysiology,
  71, 170-176.
 
  Travis, F.T. (2005) The Significance of Transcendental Consciousness for Addressing the "Hard"
  Problem of Consciousness, Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 16, 123-135.
 
  Alexander, CN, Kurth, K., Travis, F, Alexander, V.K. (2005) Effect of Practice of The Children’s
  Transcendental Meditation Technique on Cognitive Stage Development: Acquisition And
  Consolidation of Conservation, Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 16, 21-46.
 
  Dixon, C., Dillbeck, M.C., Travis, F., Msemaje, H., Clayborne, B.M., Dillbeck, S.L., and Alexander,
  C.H. (2005). Accelerating Cognitive and Self Development: Longitudinal Studies with Preschool
  and Elementary School Children. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 16, 65-91.
 
  Travis, F.T., Bonshek, A., Butler, V., Rainforth, M., Alexander, C.N., Khare, R., Lipman, J., (2005)
  Can a Building's Orientation Affect the Quality of Life of the People Within? Testing Principles of  
  Maharishi Sthapatya Veda, Journal of Social Behavior and Personality.
 
  Travis, F.T., Arenander, A. (2004) Psychological and physiological characteristics of a proposed
  object-referral/self-referral continuum of self-awareness. Consciousness and Cognition, 13/2,
  401-420.
 
  Heaton, D., Schmidt-Wilk, J., Travis, F.T. (2004). Constructs, methods, and measures for
  researching spirituality in organizations. Organizational Change Management, 17, 62-82.
 
  Arenander, A, Travis, F.T. (2004). Brain patterns of Self-awareness. In B. Beitman and J. Nair,
  Eds.  Self-Awareness Deficits. New York: W.W.Norton.
 
  Travis, F.T., Arenander, A. (2004). EEG Asymmetry and Mindfulness Meditation. Psychosomatic
  Medicine, 66, 147-152.
 
  Travis, F.T., Tecce, J., Arenander, A., Wallace, R.K. (2002). Patterns of EEG Coherence, Power,
  and Contingent Negative Variation Characterize the Integration of Transcendental and Waking
  States Biological Psychology, 61, 293-319.
 
  Travis, F.T., Tecce, J., Durchholz, C. (2001). Cortical Plasticity, CNV, and Transcendent
  Experiences: Replication with subjects reporting permanent transcendental experiences.
  Psychophysiology, 38, suppl1: S95.
 
  Travis, F.T., Olsen, T., Egenes, T., & Gupta, H.K. (2001). Physiological patterns during practice
  of the Transcendental Meditation Technique compared with patterns while reading Sanskrit and a
  modern language. International Journal of Neuroscience, 109, 71-80.
 
  Travis, F.T. (2001). Autonomic and EEG patterns distinguish transcending from other experiences
  during Transcendental Meditation practice. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 42, 1-9.
 
  Travis, F.T., Tecce, J.J., Guttman, J., (2001). Cortical Plasticity, Contingent Negative Variation,
  and Transcendent Experiences during Practice of the Transcendental Meditation Technique.  
  Biological 
Psychology, 55, 41-55.
 
  Travis, F.T. (2001) Transcendental Meditation Technique, Encyclopedia of Psychology and
  Neuroscience.
 
  Travis, F.T. & Pearson, C. (2000). Distinct Phenomenological and Physiological Correlates of
  ‘Consciousness Itself.’ International Journal of Neuroscience, 100, 77-89.
 
  Travis, F.T. & Durchholz, C. (2000). Can an electronic device improve mood and well-being, and
  decrease anxiety? International Journal of Neuroscience,103, 91-99.
 
  Travis, F.T. & Wallace R.K. (1999). EEG and Autonomic Patterns during Eyes-Closed Rest and
  Transcendental Meditation Practice: The Basis for a Neural Model of TM practice. Consciousness
  and Cognition, 8, 302-318.
 
  Travis, F.T. (in press). Autonomic and EEG Patterns Distinguish Transcending from other
  Experiences during Transcendental Meditation Practice. International Journal of
  Psychophysiology
.
 
  Travis, F.T. , Olson, T., Egenes, T., Gupta, H.K. (in press) A Comparison of Physiological
  Patterns during Practice of the Transcendental Meditation Technique with Physiological Patterns
  during Reading the Bhagavad Gita in Sanskrit and in a Modern Language. International Journal of
  Neuroscience.
 
  Travis, F.T. , Munly, K., Olson, T., Sorflaten, J. (in press) The Significance of Transcendental
  Consciousness for Addressing the "Hard" Problem of Consciousness, Journal of Social Behavior
  and
Personality.
 
  Travis, F.T. (in press) The Significance of Transcendental Consciousness for Addressing the
  "Hard" Problem of Consciousness, Journal of Social Behavior and Personality.
 
  Alexander, C.N., Kurth, K., Travis, F., Alexander, V.K. (in press). Effect of Practice of
  The Children’s Transcendental Meditation Technique on Cognitive Stage Development: Acquisition
  and Consolidation of Conservation, Journal of Social Behavior and Personality.
 
  Travis, F.T., Bonshek, A., Butler, V., Rainforth, M., Alexander, C.N., Khare, R., Lipman, J.
  (in press). Can a Building’s Orientation Affect the Quality of Life of the People Within? Testing
  Principles of Maharishi Sthapatya Veda, Journal of Social Behavior and Personality.
 
  Travis, F.T. (2001) Transcendental Meditation Technique, Encyclopedia of Psychology and
  Neuroscience.
 
  Travis, F.T. , Tecce, J.J. & Guttman, J. (2000). Cortical Plasticity, Contingent Negative Variation,
  and Transcendent Experiences during Practice of the Transcendental Meditation Technique.
  Biological Psychology, 55,41-55.
 
  Travis, F.T. & Pearson, C. (2000). Pure Consciousness: Distinct Phenomenological and
  Physiological Correlates of "Consciousness Itself". International Journal of Neuroscience,
  100,77-88.
 
  Travis, F.T. & Wallace, R.K. (1999). EEG and Autonomic Patterns during Eyes-Closed Rest and
  Transcendental Meditation Practice: The Basis for a Neural Model of TM practice. Consciousness
  and
Cognition, 8, 302-318.
 
  Travis, F.T. & Tecce, J.J. (1998). Effects of distracting stimuli on CNV amplitude and reaction
   time. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 31, 45-50.
 
  Travis, F.T. (1998). Cortical and Cognitive Development in 4th, 8th, and 12th Grade Students:
  The Contribution of Speed of Processing and Executive Functioning to Cognitive Development.  
  Biological
Psychology, 48, 37-56.
 
  Travis, F.T., (1998). CNV rebound and distraction effects before and after a TM session.
  Psychophysiology, 34: S89.
 
  Mason, L, Alexander, C., Travis, F, Marsh, Orme-Johnson, D.W., Gackenback, J., Mason, D.C.,
  Rainforth, M., & Walton, K.G. (1997). Electrophysiological correlates of higher states of
  consciousness during sleep in long-term practitioners of the Transcendental Meditation program.
  Sleep, 20: 102–110.
 
  Travis, F.T. & Wallace R.K. (1997) Autonomic Patterns during Respiratory Suspensions: Possible
  markers of Transcendental Consciousness. Psychophysiology, 34: 39–46.
 
  Travis, F.T., (1996). Comparison of CNV amplitude and P300 latency and amplitude in subjects
  practicing the Transcendental Meditation technique for less than 1 year or more than 8 years.
  Psychophysiology, 33: S83.
 
  Travis, F.T., (1996). Invincible Athletics program: Aerobic exercise and performance without
  strain. International Journal of Neuroscience, 85: 301–308.
 
  Travis, F.T. (1995). Within comparison of EEG and autonomic patterns during eyes-closed rest
  and transcendental meditation practice. Psychophysiology, 32: S77.
 
  Travis, F.T., (1994). A second linked-reference issue: Possible biasing of power and coherence
  spectra. International Journal of Neuroscience, 75(1–2): 111–117
 
  Travis, F.T., (1994). The junction point model: A field model of waking, sleeping, and dreaming
  relating dream witnessing, the waking/sleeping transition, and Transcendental Meditation in terms
  of a common psychophysiologic state. Dreaming, 4(2): 91–104.
 
  Travis, F.T.& Miskov, S. (1994). P300 latency and amplitude after eyes-closed rest and after
  transcendental meditation practice. Psychophysiology, 31: S98.
 
  Travis, F.T. (1993). Respiratory, Autonomic, and EEG Correlates of transcendental consciousness
  experiences during Transcendental Meditation practice. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 18
  (1), 574:15.
 
  Travis F.T., (1991). Eyes open and TM EEG patterns after one and after eight years of TM
  practice.   Psychophysiology, 28(3a): S58.
 
  Travis F.T., Maloney T., Means M., March J.D., & Feinberg I. (1991). Acute Deprivation of the
  Terminal Four Hours of Sleep Does not Increase Delta (0–3Hz) Electroencephalograms: A
  replication. Sleep, 14(4): 320–324.
 
  Travis F.T. (1990). EEG patterns during TM practice and hypnagogic sleep. Society for
  Neuroscience
Abstracts, 15(1): 244.
 
  Travis, F.T. (1990). Reference Aliasing: Effect of the `non-active’ reference. Psychophysiology,
   27 (4a): S70.
 
  Travis F.T. (1990) An empirical test of Maharishi’s Junction point model of states of
  consciousness. Modern Science and Vedic Science, 4(1):42–55.
 
  Travis F.T., and Orme-Johnson D.W. (1990). EEG coherence and power during Yogic Flying.
  International Journal of Neuroscience, 54:1–12.
 
  Feinberg I, March J., Flach K., Maloney T., Chern W-J., Travis F.T. (1989). Late maturational
  decline in 0–3 Hz EEG amplitude during sleep: A reflection of synaptic elimination? Society for  
  Neuroscience 
 Abstracts, 15(1): 244.
 
  Gaylord C., Orme-Johnson D.W., and Travis F.T. (1989). The effects of the Transcendental
  Meditation technique and progressive muscle relaxation on EEG coherence, stress reactivity,
  and mental health in  black adults. International Journal of Neuroscience, 46: 77–86.
 
  Travis F.T., and Orme-Johnson D.W. (1989). Field Model of consciousness: EEG coherence
  changes as indicators of field effects. International Journal of Neuroscience, 49: 203–211.
 
  Travis F.T. (1988). Testing the field paradigm of Maharishi’s Vedic Psychology: EEG Coherence
   and Power as Indices of States of Consciousness and Field Effects. Dissertation Abstracts  
  Intertational
, 49 (8B): 3493.
 
  Travis F.T., and Dillbeck M.C. (Spring, 1988) Maharishi’s Vedic Psychology: A unified field based
  paradigm for psychology. The Iowan Psychologist.
 
  Travis F.T. (1988). Testing a field model of social interactions. The Journal of the Iowa Academy
  of
Science, 95(1): A56.
 
  Travis F.T. (1985). Conscious and unconscious perception in bilingual students. The Journal of
  the Iowa
Academy of Science, 94(1): A75.
 
  Travis F.T. (1979). The Transcendental Meditation technique and creativity: A longitudinal study
  of Cornell University undergraduates. The Journal of Creative Behavior, 13(3): 169–181.
 
  Alexander C.N., Kurth S.C., Travis F.T., Warner T., and Alexander V.K. (1988). Cognitive stage
  development in children practicing the TM program. In R. A. Chalmers, G. Clements, H.
  Schenkluhn, and M. Weinless (Eds.). Scientific research on the TM and TM-Sidhi program:
  Collected papers,
 vol. 3, Vlodrop, the Netherlands: MIU Press.
 
Presentations

  Travis F.T. Phenomenological and Physiological markers of transcendental consciousness: A
  proposed
fourth state of consciousness. Paper presented at the Science and consciousness
  Conference , April 1996.
 
  Travis F.T. Lucid Dreaming and the junction point model. Paper presented at Conference on
  Lucid Dreaming, July 1991.
 
  Travis F.T. The junction point model of states of consciousness. Paper presented at Conference
  on higher states of consciousness: Theoretical and experimental perspectives, July 1990.
 
  Kleinschnitz K.W., Travis F.T., Druhl K.J. (1990) Modulation of brain wave coherence from a
  distance: Search for
an electromagnetic mechanism. Paper presented at 12th annual meeting
  of the Bioelectromagnetics Society, San Antonio, TX.
 
  Travis F.T., Feinberg I., Maloney T., and March, J.D. (1990) Sleeping/waking relationships.
  Paper presented at the Spring meeting of the Association of Professional Sleep Societies,
  Minneapolis, MN.
 
  Feinberg I., Travis F. T., Maloney T., March J.D. (1989) Peak-trough analysis of cyclic delta
  patterns more
faithfully reflects maturational change than visual scoring or computer
  tabulation of NREMPs
. Paper presented at the Spring meeting of the Association of Professional
  Sleep Societies, Washington, D.C.
 
  Travis F.T. (1988). Delineating the EEG pattern characteristic of the TM technique. Paper
  presented at the Spring meeting of the Midwest Psychological Association, Chicago, IL.

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